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Scientific Revolutions

July 2, 2014 Comments Off on Scientific Revolutions

This brief story will occupy with the boarding of the philosophy of the science presented for Thomas Samuel Kuhn, in particular way analyzing the structure of the paradigm change. Before any another commentary if it makes necessary to point some biographical data regarding the author. The author integrates a group of epistemolgicos thinkers, after Popper, that he searchs to base a new image of science or a new theory of science. He is born in the year of 1922, the city of Cincinatti, the United States, and comes to falecer in 1996, Cambridge cancer victim. One becomes known for its contribution the change of if thinking philosophy and scientific sociology internationally.

He has its ideas you influence for the texts of the doctor and Polish biologist Ludwick Fleck whom he writes on philosophy of science, creating in the decade of 1930 the concept of collective thought. Fleck is considered the precursor of the paradigm notion. Coming back toward Kuhn, in the year of 1943, it is formed in physics for the university of Harvard. For the same university it receives the degree from mestrado in 1946 three years later, 1949, of doutorado. Among the published workmanships and articles if they detach the copernicana Revolution in 1959. In 1962 it publishes the book Structures of the Scientific Revolutions where it defends this new boarding of science. The workmanship of the author weaves, in certain degree, critical to the thought of Popper proposal in the thesis of the falseamento published in 1959, intitled the logic of the scientific research. The author suffers accusations from irracionalismo, and writes, in 1974, a called assay Reconsidering the paradigms and, then later, he publishes another book, Theory of the black body and quantum discontinuity: 1894-1912, in the year of 1979. Still of the author, Essenciall Tension of 1977 and the way since the structure: philosophical assays 1970-1993, published in 1995.

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