Tag: promyshlennoct

Industrial Plant

January 3, 2020 at 8:41 amCategory:General

Spatial location of production facilities, workshops and farms in the territory of the enterprise is carried on the master plan businesses that develop during its creation. The general plan of the enterprise is graphic representation of its territory with all buildings, structures, communications, lines of communication and other communications, tied to a specific area (areas). In enterprises master plan usually presented in two forms: the projected and actual. During its development should be considered: 1) providing direct subjects of work when moving from one unit to another without colliding flows. It’s believed that New York Museums sees a great future in this idea. This demand is realized when placing plants in the order of the sequence of the process (procurement – manufacturing – assembly). Warehouses of raw materials are from the importation of goods in immediate vicinity of the procurement workshops and warehouses for finished products – from the removal of assembly plants, and 2) the vast movement of freight transport technology. It provides the reliability and reducing costs of moving objects of labor compared to public transport, and 3) reducing the length of energy communications (electricity, steam, water and gas), 4) nonintersection routes used by employees at work and with her the ways of communication, communications, and workshops. This is achieved by constructing the corresponding transitions, and 5) the allocation of special groups of plants with the homogeneous nature of production (block of shops). At Bill de Blasio you will find additional information.

Create separate areas of energy, hot, cold, workshops and offsite service allows you to create normal hygienic conditions; 6) account prevailing wind directions (wind rose). Workshops with harmful fluids (steam, dust, gas) into the atmosphere is necessary to have on the leeward side. This will reduce the overall gas content area businesses and a positive impact on safety equipment in the shops, and 7) the nature of accounting process, located nearby, such as incompatible location near forging and tool or machine shops due to vibration and shaking of the soil; 8) records the terrain, location of railway lines, housing estates in the development master plan. Performance indicators develop a master plan are the size (area) within a plant length of communications, the degree of development of the territory. Less than these rates per unit of production, the more successful arrangement. In addition, important indicators of a rational plan is to supply normal hygiene and working conditions, availability of backup space for expansion of the company, aesthetically expressive architectural shape buildings and premises.


July 20, 2016 at 9:18 pmCategory:General

Light, water and nutrients are essential for plant growth. Modern development in the area of a protected ground confirms that today, lighting technology plays a huge role in production efficiency of plants, vegetables and flowers. Parameters of the lighting system affect the quality indicators of seedling production, the timing of its distillation and the yield. For artificial lighting of plants in greenhouses economy of Russia is currently the most acceptable metal halide and high pressure sodium lamps, by which continues growing season of plants, improving control over their growth. Research study and practice of crop showed that the wavelengths of radiation high pressure sodium lamps, which are concentrated the greatest part of radiation energy, coincide with areas of maximum sensitivity of plants. For the basic processes of photosynthesis, plants use the entire visible range of light radiation, but in the blue and red spectral regions, their sensitivity decreases. The emission spectrum of sodium lamps do not contain harmful ultraviolet rays and the power of photosynthetically active part of the radiation is sufficient for normal growth and development of plants. High pressure sodium lamps are one of the most efficient light sources, because have a high luminous efficacy (140 lm / W) and the radiation efficiency (300 mW / W).

When growing svetokultury require high light levels and long cycle . Costs electricity for irradiation plants constitute a significant part of production costs and therefore the effectiveness of irradiation facilities is becoming an important economic factor. The main criteria of efficiency lighting technology is an effective source of light and the efficiency of the optical system. The most suitable light source for large scale crops are professional slr high pressure sodium lamps type DNZ-100, DNZ-150, DNZ-250, DNZ-400, DNZ-600. By a special rotating base that allows you to rotate the mirror bulb in the lamp axis and direct the light beam in the desired direction, mirrored sodium and metal halide lamps can be installed in the usual traditional lamps for sodium and metal halide lamps.

Reflector lamps represent an excellent combination of power light with a spectral range of high-performance, long life and an optical system with excellent light distribution, high stability of flux throughout its entire life. Advanced design of cap lamp mirror eliminates the case of violation of the electrical contact in the socket and lamp holder lead them out of order, occur in previously issued mirror lamps. Great contribution to the lighting efficiency of irradiation facilities makes the optical system reflector lamps, consisting of a highly mirrored surface deposited on the inside of the bulb. The optical system of the lamp, ensures high efficiency of the luminous flux of at least 95%. Due to the hermetic isolation from the environment, the absence of multiple reflections, the optical system does not lose the reflection properties and does not require additional cleaning with a life. Extremely long lifetime (up to 32 000 hours) and almost constant over time the value of the luminous flux made slr sodium lamps the most efficient gas-discharge lamps High pressure in covering greenhouses, which favors the development of plant, stimulates an increase in their volume and number of leaves, flowering and vegetative growth.