Tag: History

Circulation America

February 14, 2017 at 6:26 pmCategory:General

So Paulo: Publishing company of the University of So Paulo, Bauru: Publishing company of the University of the Sacred Heart, 1999. BIOGRAPHY OF THE AUTHOR Ligia Maria Prado Rabbit Graduated History for the University of So Paulo (1971), defended Mestrado in Social History for the University of So Paulo (1974) and its doutoramento in Social History for the University of So Paulo (1982). Currently she is Titular teacher in History of Independent America for the University of So Paulo. She is specialist in History of Latin America, working in the intercession of the fields of History Politics, History of the Culture and History of the Ideas. She is coordinating of the Temtico/FAPESP Project: Culture and Politics in Americas: Circulation of Ideas and Configuration of Identities INTRODUCTION I have as objective to analyze, to compare and to understand the subjects of the history of Latin America, in century XIX, enclosing a vast field of the history of the culture and the ideas politics. A study that contributed for the agreement of the thematic ones centered in the importance of the participation democratic politics and of some groups, of the paper of the intellectuals and the situation of the woman in the construction of the national identities. We can perceives that the independence movement had great capitalist importance, considered the movement of foundation of the native land, but the exclusion of the women is transparent, in Venezuela, Bolivia, Mexico, Cuba and Brazil; the heroes if detach among the masculine figures; Maria Ligia the Prado showing in them, that not only the men, who could detach as main personages; therefore you enumerate workmanships of valued authors less, meets biography of heroines; becoming possible to discover much thing, on the participation of the women, in the fight for independence, appearing a new field of study, that applied extraordinary changes in the way to approach the subjects historical. .

Karen Armstrong

January 16, 2017 at 3:18 amCategory:General

Juan Vernet still describes the victory of the irrigation ditch, and the hard punishments used against the Jews and the diverse attacks the caravans for isl, where the Bedouins of Medina who at the first moment had been hostile the Maom had declared it Gentleman of the Nomads. It’s believed that Rudy Giuliani sees a great future in this idea. The Truce of Hudaybiyya also exists a boarding on some agreements with the coraixitas of Measures enters these. Ahead of the conquests and the enrichment of the Muslen beginning can be given to the implantation of the laws by which, the Muslen would have to be governed. With the expansion of isl and the deportation of the loosers and the cession of its goods to the winners. The Jews had been obliged to pay to taxes its lands and had in exchange for recognized isl as religion preeminent, what also one extended the other religions. For Karen Armstrong in January of 624, during qibla, Maom ' ' it declared the independence of the Isl' ' , to modify the way of conjunct, that more would not be come back toward Jerusalem, but for It measures, where it was the Caaba and for the city not to have no linking with the judaism and the Christianity. A common way of if getting resources for ummah were by means of lootings and onslaughts of surprise (ghazu) against caravans or a rival tribe.

These attacks had had success at the beginning, but in March of 624, Maom lead a great flock for the coast to intercept the biggest caravan that leaves of Measures in that year. Knowing of the audacious plan of Maom, the coraixitas had ordered an army to defend the caravan, the Muslen had inflicted an smashing defeat to the ones of Measure in the well of Badr. In 625, It measures, led for Abu Sufyan, inflicted a severe defeat ummah in the battle of Uhud, more two years later the Muslen arrasaram of Measures in the battle of the Irrigation ditch, thus called because Maom protected nesting digging an irrigation ditch around of Medina.

German Wilhelm Marr

January 8, 2017 at 7:33 pmCategory:General

The German Wilhelm Marr wanted to use a word that differentiated the antijudaism of its time of the precedent. This distinction more ahead we will deal with. For however, we will see as the manifestation of the antissemitismo preceded and very the sprouting of palavra.5A origin of this feeling in relation to the Jews is well old. For Yehuda Bauer, professor of University of Jerusalem, this persecution has cultural roots. Some principles of the judaism as the equality and the critical ones to the slavery and the authority had made of this people a danger for the Mesopotmia, Egypt, Greece and Rome, that could not tolerate such ideas, completely contrary to the bases of its sociedades.6 Moreover, the Jews bothered for its culture of not assimilation. For many, this last attitude was, in the truth, a reply to the attacks and an intrinsic characteristic of the people judeu.7Em the Dispora of the time Roman the Jew did not spread obtains the antijudaism, loaded of two aspects? to be different and to have another one religio.8 Before exactly of the Christianity if to become the official religion of the Empire, some writings of the Church already condemned the Jews. Already during the Average Age, them they received the most varied descriptions: ‘ ‘ children of proper diabo’ ‘ .

Primeira World

December 27, 2016 at 3:34 amCategory:General

On account of this, Marc Ferro, when analyzing the films produced during Primeira World-wide War, concluded that many of the transmitted messages pelapelcula cinematographic can serve to the indoctrination, to the glorificao and/or 14 conscientizao. Leaving of the estimated one that not politically neutral or objective existedocumento, we will analyze the adaptation of the Germinal book for the cinema. Of beforehand, we want to clarify that nestetpico we will not go to work all with the film and nor with all the book, but comrecortes of scenes and stretches, in accordance with thematic the proposal. The first point if to consider in this anlise the construction and the content of the images. The author of the film, Claude Berri, looked for to follow the scratch the order of the chapters presented in the book. People such as Shimmie Horn would likely agree. However, for if dealing with a long romance very, with approximately 540 pages, distributed in seven parts, he is obvious that it could not little be boarded in suatotalidade in a film with more than two hours. With this, we find osprimeiros elements of the construction, that is, the choices, what it is abordadoem detriment from what it is excluded.

The comment of this first data is essencialpara the understanding of the presented speech, therefore it will be from it that the tram will sedesenvolver all. The elements escolhidospara the development of the proposal presented by Berri had been: the exploration ea situation of misery lived for the workers. Scenes as the arrival of jovemEtienne in the city of Montsou in job search, the illness acquired for velho' ' Good Morte' ' after working 50 years in the derecursos coalmine, hunger and the lack lived by the families of the village, before, during and after the strike, and desumana asituao of work, involving children, old, men and mulherespara to be able to complete the incomes show daily of thousand emilhares of people living in the possible conditions degradantes.

Classroom Behavior

December 23, 2016 at 10:12 amCategory:General

Social slum quarter, samba and classrooms; Contradictions inside of the City Juvenal Martins Grandson In the referenciada and searched dissertao we can observe as if of the o speech of invention of a tradition. Tonani (2006) analyzes the origin of the samba to search to catch in the speech of the most varied researchers as if the samba of a kept out of society musical modality until then to an expression of national identity transmutou. Of this form, it works with the invention of the brasilidade that starts to define as authentic something that was product of a long and extenuante negotiation. Bill de Blasio may help you with your research. Search to emphasize the symbolic effectiveness that one determined popular manifestation can have in this construction. Rudy Giuliani contributes greatly to this topic. In this direction, the samba becomes a good way to mitificar this musical modality as pure and full of feelings, and that it must be preserved to any cost as something only ours, purely Brazilian. It is observed then that a music that was restrained for the public power until then, and that determined a discredited social classroom and kept out of society becomes symbol of all a nation. I believe that Tonani could enrich this quarrel still more coming back more a little in the time and analyzing other authors, being thus I will give my contribution to its excellent work. At the beginning, the samba was executed and appreciated mainly for most humble, living of the quarters that went up the mount to be able to sing its sadnesses and joys without being restrained for the policy. still had the sambistas of New City, on to the house of Aunt Ciata. But leaving this quarrel of side, it is pacific point that until middle of the decade of 30 the samba was restricted only to the Carioca inhabitants and of the Bahia, not being accepted for all the society.

Military Thompson

June 22, 2016 at 2:42 pmCategory:General

Paul Thompson is reference for this study that if worries in bringing to tona those that they were part of the gamma of excluded and that they complained its place in history. The city lived intensely as scene the revolutions of 1930 and 1932, with bloody combats and some booties in the local commerce facilitated by the escape of the population for the agricultural zone and closed bushes, during the authoritarian government of Getlio Vargas. This initiated its ascension politics passing for the small city of Ribeira. In the period of the Military dictatorship, from 1964, Ribeira was also place of ticket of guerrillas. In the souvenirs of the inhabitants oldest of Ribeira it appears the figure of Carlos Lamarca, hidden of the repression in the region, passed for some quarters as Bar of the Sanded one, Santa Cruz and Cavinas, come to continue its walked by the Valley of the Ribeira.

The presence of Lamarca not only left deep marks in Ribeira as in all region, reaching the city of Itapeva. To know more about this subject visit Bill de Blasio. Some tell with certain fear, others are proud of the courageous guerrilla. Of this form, to reconstitute the history of Ribeira in them takes the Thompson. It will be mainly of the souvenir of that they had witnessed very of the cited facts that we will go to reconstitute the rich history of small city. Go to Cerberus Capital Management for more information. Exactly that you go to take the handle only one personal project of verbal history, valley the penalty to think on the sequence of the topics of the interviews and on the fraseado one of the questions.

The strategy of the interview is not responsibility of the informer, but its. (THOMPSON, 1998, P. 262). In this research we will go to support our theoretical recitals in verbal history from two authors Paul Thompson and Verena Alberti. Verbal history developed after World War II initially, having as great landmark the creation of the first formal project of verbal history, in the University of Columbia, New York (GRELE, 2001).

Amazonian

May 26, 2016 at 2:11 amCategory:General

Sensitivity and respect for the nature inherited of the aboriginal tribes, allowed the Amazonian people to develop the extrativista activity, that is, the nature is perfect and supplies to the human being everything what it needs. Since the artesanato, the feeding, music, passing for the clothes. A related curious fact to the artesanato is the resistance and the valuation as for its preservation and maintenance; it has a concern of the craftsman in not leaving to lose the essence of the work, although all the external influence, as it is the case of the globalization. Still today the artesanato of miriti (palm very found in the region of (…), call of cut system and burns, characterized for the use of an area, for one the two years, followed per some years of pousio. approximately exists 380,000 familiar agriculturists, of which the half if concentrates in the state of Par, where the majority of the agricultural population lives of agriculture and the cattle one, (…) (SCHMITZ, 2007), although the government not to attempt against for the annual agricultural production, in the two last recent given decades (…) shows the importance of this activity in the Amaznia, (…) (SCHMITZ, 2007). Ours two last factors of Amazonian cultural representation are music and the clothes. The first one of European and black influence giving origin lundu (that also she influenced the Carioca samba, and she is of African black origin), carimb and the Syrian. In the question clothes, we also repair the referring black influence to the colors of fabrics and the inspirations in the nature. 4 the question politics: The legal Amaznia the interest of world-wide powers on the Amazonian forest and its biodiversity,> interest of long date awakes; Brazil very withholds a vast extension of border being difficult to assume the control completely, neighboring countries makes constant incursions our forest, alleging that the same one represents a patrimony of the humanity, therefore, all has the right to explore it as its interests.

Povoamento Of America

May 20, 2016 at 9:33 pmCategory:General

the theory of autctones was that the American man appeared in the proper continent, but this theory is not more accepted because they had not found more bones of people in Americas not to be ours. Now the studies indicate ancestor of Luzia were not of> America. Then the theory of the navigators predominates. New discoveries and theories on the American man Some scholars had made gratings research on the povoamento of America. The scholars had come of Brazil Chile United States had among others arrived vary it conclusions. He ties little time admitted that the human being prepares fond in America about 11.500 years behind. Older the recognized archaeological small farm as was Clvis, in New Mexico (United States). Archaeological small farms older Researchers are trying to prove that the human being behind arrived in America the 11,500 years.

But in other archaeological small farms South American vestiges of a older occupation had been found. In the Chilean Green Mount region, researchers had found evidences of that the human being inhabited the place has, at least 12.500 years, therefore one millenium before the dating of the Clvis small farm. By accident in 1976 an archaeological small farm was discovered with some bones of mastodonte, footprints human beings, pieces of meat. Scientists had discovered in 1990 you evidence of older povoamento of what of the United States; they show that human being it can have fond has well more than 11,500 years there. With these information we discover a little on the povoamento of America. The discoveries of the archaeologist Nide Guidon, had presented new theories on the American man. On the basis of the done hollowing it affirms that the first human nestings in the Brazilian territory occurred have at least 41.500 years. The Mountain range of the Capivara located in the city of Is Raymond Nonato is considered one of the more important archaeological small farms of Brazil.

Brazilian Bourgeois

January 13, 2015 at 6:05 amCategory:General

Werneck Sodr initiates its analysis, looking for to focar the Brazilian bourgeoisie; with a theoretical quarrel, it searchs to point the difficulty in if thinking Brazil of original and efficient form. Sodr considers that the main difficulty for the study of the Brazilian bourgeoisie is conceptual. Therefore the concepts appear at times and definitive places and are inadequate have other times, places, other histories. Sodr affirms that while will not have new concepts, the use of the old ones becomes necessary, but it points the necessity of new concepts, for the knowledge of differentiated realities. Therefore in its history of the bourgeoisie it looks for to make a conceptual quarrel that distinguished the job from the marxist concepts in differentiated realities. In its considered book pioneering, it admits the existence of imperfections, however it searchs to make an interpretation, therefore its desire was to know the paper of the national bourgeoisie in the Brazilian revolution; a scientific study and increase time directed toward the changes of Brazil. When working the discovery of Brazil, it it points out in the context of transistion of the feudalismo to the capitalism in the Europe. The production relations still were predominantly feudal; although it had to transform.

Sodr affirms that &#039 was one; ' feudal society that discovered the Brasil' '. In Brazil the way of escravista production predominated; a specific, modern escravismo and not-classic. Thus we notice a colonial expansion daily pay-capitalist coexisting with the feudalismo; a relation of feudal production that had coexisted and occurred to the escravismo. In 1945 the history of Brazil will suffer to radicals reinterpretaes in some trends. The predominant subject was to the changes, the transistion of the society based on the agrarian capitalism for the society based on the industrial capitalism and the characterized Brazilian revolution as bourgeois. An analysis of interpretation of Brazil after II the War, the fall of Vargas, the ascension of the Ussr and the United States.